Technology is moving at a pace equal to Vin Diesel’s driving in Fast and Furious. From sending our kids to school to cooking Pasta, technology has become our close friend, aide, and almost acts as that gossip friend, neighbor, philosopher, and guide. Woah! The amazing fact is it plays multitudes of roles in the life of an average citizen across the globe.
Indian IT Industry is at 100° Celsius nowadays. It’s growing faster than ever! IBEF estimates that Indian IT Industry would reach $350 Billion US dollars in 2025 compared to the present USD $150 Billion. We are becoming more dependent on it for almost every day-to-day routine. To supply the demand, there are huge opportunities for developers in the Software development process.
There are 6 Software Development stages that every business needs to focus on. These stages are crucial parts of developing any software product. If you crack these stages, your product is all warmed up to create a spotlight for itself.
To briefly explain the stages of software development process, let’s create a scenario where Jim is the startup owner of a software development company with a lot of amazing product ideas sprouting among him and his team. One of them is a ladies-only ridesharing app where lady drivers pick up and drop off ladies at any time of the day. How does he go about this idea?
‘Plan your work and work your plan’- This adage holds well for the first stage of any Software development phase. This is also one of the crucial stages of software development. All Jim has to do is analyze the strength and weaknesses of his idea. How practical is it? Would the idea work well in metropolitan cities? How to connect with the users i.e ladies residing in the outskirts of the city? What would be the basic layout of the project? How much is the budget? He needs to answer such vital questions to move on to the next stages. Your plan can influence your entire SDLC cycle positively. With a software development plan, Jim would be going to lay a definite purpose for your software development team and support. Without that, everything is as good as nothing. With a software development plan, your team would be able to upgrade, develop or modify any existing software system. You need to discuss with your team how you would be taking each step. The software development plan would be taking every point into consideration such as the tasks that you need to fulfill, the starting and ending time frames belonging to each task, the sequence through which you can carry out every task, which person would be responsible for every task, any impending dependencies, and offering support during software testing life cycle.
When the planning is done, Jim moves on to the next stages after analyzing his plans thoroughly. It is important to analyze his plan once he is done with the first stage. Jim would have to answer questions like- Is the plan going on well or does it require any tweaks? Does it require anything in addition to get the desired results? Which programming language or framework would suit the app? What kind of bottlenecks do the developers face while developing the complex riding app? What are the third-party integrations you need? How to improve the UI? What customers are expecting? Are there any budget constraints? Should they allocate extra resources? All these have to be taken into consideration. In a nutshell, this answers how and why you should design and develop the software. Analysis has to happen at every stage of the Software development process.
Let’s put it across in terms of software development language. You should know that Software design is nothing but the way through which you visualize and define your software solutions to help it cater to more than one kind of issue. One of the major components belonging to software design is absolutely software requirements analysis (SRA). Jim should understand that SRA plays a vital role in the entire software development process listing the absolute specifications present in software engineering. This is when Jim and his team build the architecture of the entire riding app project. Here, Jim removes all the negative flaws in the app by setting a predefined standard that he is attempting to stick to for a considerably longer period. Here, it could mean how Jim creates the design protocol of his product by including options where ladies can take up two-sharing and three-sharing options, how they can travel out of the city at night time based on an emergency payment structure, and much more. The design phase would involve interactive prototyping of the layout of the app. The system would not be on-live. Yet, you can see how the icons, navigation, and menu options of the app work. Once the design gets approved, users can move on to the development phase.
This is where the actual work starts! After designing the app, you start developing it in real-time where data recording goes on in the background. The riding app is now on the development phase where every design aspect and plans slowly come to reality.
Once the development phase is done, we move on to the implementation phase where the product has to undergo a pilot study to check if the functionality is all good! If the functionality has any faults, the testing and debugging bust it!
In general, you can state Software testing as the generic process through which you verify and evaluate if your software app is error-free. You might be coming across different tech requirements as per the guidance based on the design and development. Jim will find it extremely crucial to handle every boundary case that is involved. With software testing, you have the liberty to make changes to your app once you are going to upload the app. You need to be a good tester to produce a good app in the market. Without testing, your app might not function as expected by your team. That’s what Jim and his team focused on. In case of any runtime or compile errors, any buttons not functioning properly, the app redirecting to different pages or such similar faults, the testing team reports it to the developers, who work tirelessly to get rid of the app. Your app does not impress your customers if it is full of bugs and errors. It would also impact your brand negatively. You should debug the errors before you introduce them to your users. When the errors are debugged, the app is set to go live in the Playstore or Appstore, or both!
Software maintenance isn’t like a hit-and-run deal. It is a lifetime deal where you would be upgrading, redefining, and recovering your app in case of any faults or errors. As time flies, your app needs to catch up with your audience trends. Software maintenance can help you with that. It is nothing but the process through which you modify all your software products. This happens once you deliver it to your customer, not before that. The major purpose why you involve software maintenance is the modification and up-gradation of the software app whenever you come across any glitches, upgrades, or bugs in the software product. This would also allow you to improve your app performance consistently. This phase is when your software requires maintenance and upgrade with the drastically changing time. This stage includes integrating the app with third-party SDKs. During this stage, you get to handle all your user requirements and upgrade them continuously. When Jim wants to add any new features to his app based on the current trends, he can maintain the app with his team. He can make additional changes with the help of his team with his Software development team.
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